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Page history last edited by PBworks 17 years, 11 months ago


To compare two persons, places, or things is to examine the ways in which they are similar.

Two patterns to use when writing a comparison paragraph are:

1:Present all information about A and then provide the information about B:

2:Move back and forth between A and B

Transitional Expressions for Comparison

In the same way

an, also, in addition

as well as

both, neither

each of

just as...so




the same




Alzheimer's vs. Dementia

Although dementia and Alzheimer's disease both cause mental decline, they are very different disease processes. It becomes a problem when it happens on a daily basis, or has an impact on your way of life. A person with dementia may forget things, , their speech may become impaired, and the disease can also effect their swallowing capabilities, as well as causing desorientation to person, place and time. Often dementia starts with memory loss in their activities of daily living, such as appointments and not being able to find car keys. Most people as they age forget things, this is a normal part of the aging process. Dementia many time makes living alone difficult, and brings anger and frustration to the person involved. Memory loss is frustrating, but when you have forgotten a loved one, this can be devastating. Peopole with dementia can usually be reoriented to person, place and time; on the other hand, the reorientation decreases as the disease progresses. Similarly, Alzheimer's disease also causes memory loss, speech impairments, swallowing difficulties, as well as disorientation. Unlike dementia, the symptoms of this disease are permanent, making reorientation unlikely. Alzheimer's also starts with memory loss, with a higher degree of devastation. These people do not just lose their car keys; they may also forget to turn the stove off, which can be very dangerous. They often can not find their car in a parking lot, and may wander aimlessly around the lot, possibly not even knowing what they are looking for. These people, like people with dementia, feel frustrated, angry, lonely, and seperated from their loved ones because they do not realize what is happening to them. The Alzheimer patient can not be reoriented to person, place and time. This ability is lost due to irreversible damage to the brain's major pathways, and our medical professionals have no known way to reverse the effects of this disease. The Alzheimer patient often lives in the past, and this may be devastating to the family. The patient usually has no memory of their family members. Finally, both of these diseases are devastating, each of them in their own way, but the medical profession has made great strides in finding a cure. Hopefully, that day is in the near future, and these diesease will be a thing of the past. Dementia can be diagnosed by a physician; unfortunately, Alzheimer's disease can only be dignosed by a Pathologist after the person has expired. There are; however, some new tests that appear to be promising in the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease, the great thing about these tests is that they can be done early in the disease process while the person is still living. The cure may be in my lifetime, and that would be a great gift to all of us.

Copyright 2005 Tara McAlpine


Aprils Comment

I believe the person who wrote this paragraph did a very good job. She first stated Dementia and its points and then jumped in to Alsheimer's disease. This was a perfect example of the first pattern which was, state A's points and then state B's points. There was also very good use of the transitional phrases.

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